Technical Papers

Our dedication to innovation and leadership in the industry provides reliable and efficient operations for our clients. Read more about our technology and engineering in the technical papers below.


Smart Unconventional Approach to Universal Oil-Based Mud Removal Using High-Performance Bio-Micromaterial

Roderick Pernites, Jordan Clark, Dan Fu

Description: Using a single universal spacer surfactant to clean a wide variety of oil-based mud (OBM) is considered the "Holy Grail" of spacer fluid system. This paper presents the discovery of a high-performance universal biomicromaterial, which can significantly improve the cleaning performance of any surfactants/spacer fluids to remove most, if not, all types of drilling mud. The innovative bio-micromaterial is an eco-friendly byproduct from another industry.

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Laboratory Development to Successful Field Application of Unconventional Non-Beaded Micromaterial for Making Lower Permeability Lighter and Stronger Cements 

Roderick Pernites, Jason Brady, Felipe Padilla, Jordan Clark, Gladyss Ramos, Jaron Callahan, Ricardo Garza, Raymond Sama, Mark Embrey, Dan Fu, Nicolas Richey, David Johnson 

Description: This paper presents recent case histories of successful field applications of new stronger non-beaded lightweight cement, extensive laboratory data of various field designs with new lightweight cement versus premium commercial lightweight cements, and detailed scientific study explaining how the innovative lightweight cement has provided superior fluid stability and set cement mechanical properties.

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A Cationic Friction Reducer Fully Compatible with Produced Water


Lingjuan Shen, Shafeeq Khan, David Heller, Dan Fu

Description: The high intensity of hydraulic fracturing in unconventional reservoir has resulted in dramatic increase in water consumption. The reuse of produced water has been driven by both the environmental and economic benefits. The performance of conventional anionic friction reducers is usually affected by the total dissolved solid (TDS) in the water source. We present here a cationic friction reducer which is fully compatible with most of produced water based on results from the lab and field.

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New Low-Density Cement Technology Overcomes Limitations for Improved Well Design in the Williston Basin


Andy Jordan, Lucas Albrighton, Roderick Pernites, Matthew Spirek, Bradley Rollins, T. Lauer

Description: Frequently exposed weak formations require the use of lighter slurries, and with increased wellbore pressures encountered during fracture stimulations, stronger cements are essential. Lighter, stronger cementing technologies are the key to ensuring well integrity and enabling simple, cost-effective well construction designs. This paper describes the benefits and features of newly developed, lightweight cementing materials available for operations in the Williston Basin.

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Unconventional Advanced High Performance Micromaterial for Enhancing Drilling Mud Cleaning Performance of Spacer Fluids in Horizontal Wells: From Laboratory Development to Field Applications


Roderick Pernites, Jason Brady, Felipe Padilla, Jordan Clark, Caitlin McNeilly, Waqas Iqbal, Juan Lacorte, Edgar Gonzalez, Mark Embrey

Description: This paper presents a full-scale laboratory development to a successful field application of an unconventional spacer with a novel micromaterial that enhances mud removal and provides exceptional fluid stability (flat viscosity), important for long horizontals. Due to its differentiating chemistry combined with uniquely engineered physical properties (minimally abrasive yet non-damaging to equipment), the new micromaterial allows more efficient scouring of strongly adhered mud from casing/formation surfaces, which many traditional spacers have difficulty removing efficiently.

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New Advanced High-Performance Ultrafine Micromaterials for Providing Superior Properties to Cement Slurry and Set Cement in Horizontal Wells


Roderick Pernites, Jordan Clark, Felipe Padilla, Andy Jordan (BJ Services)

Description: Wellbore cementing is critical for zonal isolation, bonding and supporting the casing downhole. In this paper, a novel high-performance micromaterial is presented for significantly improving the quality of the cement slurry and set cement tested in different API cements for horizontal wells. Its performance is compared to conventional Pozzolanic materials currently used in increasing cement properties.

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Perfecting Operational Execution: The Journey to High Reliability in the Oilfield


Patrick Tower, Austin Williams, Sam Sakievich, Tony Howdeshell, Patrick Kearley, Lonny Motruk, Tony McCullough (BJ Services)

Description: High Reliability Organizations (HROs) are organizations with systems that maintain exceptionally low failure rates while operating in environments where the nature of the risk and complexity of serious incidents would be anticipated. The aim of this paper is to illustrate how the principles, concepts, and processes of HROs, including Crew Resource Management (CRM), can optimize operational execution.

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Novel High Performing Non-Beaded Lightweight Cements with Enhanced Mechanical Properties for Enabling Faster Drilling


Roderick Pernites, Jordan Clark, Felipe Padilla, Christopher Jamison, Andy Jordan (BJ Services)

Description: This paper presents a novel lightweight cementing technology through application of advanced chemistry that shows high potential for faster completion of the cementing phase, decreasing the waiting time for the cement to set, thereby allowing continued drilling operations.

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Far-Field Diversion System Designed for Slickwater Fracturing


Leonid Vigderman, Andrey Bogdan, Lingjuan Shen, David Heller, Tony Yeung, and Diankui Fu (BJ Services)

Description: Fracture geometry control and increased fracture complexity have been recognized to be critical factors in optimizing unconventional well completion design. A major challenge of far-field diversion in slickwater fracturing is ensuring transport of material to the fracture tip or secondary fracture in a low-viscosity fluid. This paper will present an innovative far-field diverter system for fracturing with low-viscosity fluids composed of an engineered mixture of unique ultra-lightweight proppant and degradable material.

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Novel and High Performing Wellbore Cleaning Fluids with Surprisingly Flat Viscosity over Time and Different Temperatures


Roderick Pernites, Felipe Padilla, Jordan Clark, Angel Gonzalez, Diankui Fu (BJ Services)

Description: Cementing of the casing is critical in well completion and is highly dependent on wellbore cleaning of the drilling mud prior to cement placement. This paper presents a highly unique and cost-effective wellbore cleaning fluid, which provides superior wellbore cleaning and efficient mud displacement. 

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Can Friction Reducers Transport Sand During Fracturing Treatment?


Lingjuan Shen, Leonid Vigderman, David Heller, Diankui Fu (BJ Services)

Description:  This paper provides a comprehensive study of friction reducers as linear or crosslinked guar system replacement for transporting proppant. An in-depth understanding of the key factors controlling proppant carrying capability of FRs is critical to improved fracturing fluid design.

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Multifunctional Surfactant Provides Superior Post Frac Production by Enhancing Polymer and Load Fluid Recovery


Ronald Plasier, Javier Leguizamon, Kevin Cooney (BJ Services); John Delorey (Delorey Consulting Inc), Corey Thomson (Paramount Resources)

Description:  This paper illustrates how the use of a Multifunctional Surfactant (MFS) can improve initial production and sustain production in underpressurized, liquids-rich, tight sandstone (SS) reservoirs such as the Glauconite formation in West-Central Alberta.

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Gelled Isolation Fluid Makes Refracturing Well Feasible


Richard Wheeler, V. Williams, J. Mayor (Baker Hughes), S. Khan,  N. Everson (BJ Services), Steinhardt (BP America)

Description:  A gelled fluid offers the benefits of being both temporary and easily cleaned up after the treatment. The objective in this application was to use a low cost gelled fluid to fully isolate existing perforations along a lateral to stimulate new zones. The novelty of this work included the application of using a gelled fluid in conjunction with a sliding sleeve system.

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